Having gone through the full SEA process, it is now possible to imagine an SEA "package" that could be used as a starting point for SEA, a first SEA round to inform a later more comprehensive round, a summary of the SEA report, and/or an educational tool.
The "package" consist of two elements:
- Questions about the context in which the SEA is being carried out; this should help to identify changes to the institutional framework necessary for a successful SEA (the table below).
- A brief version of the SEA process itself (the checklist at the bottom of this page).
|SEA elements||Questions|| Source: Partidario, 2000
|Needs/Objectives||* What is the aim of the SEA?
* Is there legal requirements to carry out SEA?
|Added Value||* Why would EIA procedures not be adequate?
* What added value does SEA brings to decision-making?
|Responsibilities||* Who is the competent authority / decision-maker?
* What environmental authorities (if any) need to be involved in the SEA and how?
* Who checks the quality of the SEA?
* What is the institutional framework for the development and implementation of the strategic action?
|Participation||Who are the other key stakeholders (e.g. NGOs, public) and what are their main concerns?
What mechanisms have been put in place for enabling participation?
How will you communicate your findings to the stakeholders, and how will you ensure taht they learn from the process?
|Benchmarks/policy framework||What policy framework and targets/benchmarks will you use?|
|Guidance||Is there sufficient guidance available to assist you in the SEA process? If not, what other guidance do you need?
Are there previous SEA examples that you can refer to?
|Quality control||How will you check if you have done it right?
How will you monitor the effectiveness of your decision with respect to the values important in the decision?
This questionnaire has been adapted from Rakos et al. (1997). You may also wish to try the checklist used by the US Department of Energy.
Step 1. Describe the strategic action
- Name of the strategic action:
- Name of the competent authority:
- Geographic area covered:
- Sector covered (where appropriate):
- Time period covered:
Step 2. State the primary objectives of the strategic action
Step 3. List alternative ways in which those objectives can be met with fewer environmental impacts
- reduce demand:
- no action:
- 'environmentally superior' alternative:
Step 4. Describe the possible impacts of the strategic action and/or its alternatives on:
- land use
- energy efficiency
- soil, geological and mineral resources
- air quality
- water quality
- biological/ecological impacts
- hazardous materials
- public facilities and services
- landscape and open space
- cultural heritage
- urban 'liveability'
This could be done by using a table showing alternatives v. impacts, or strategic action sub-components v. impacts. Consider mitigation measures for any negative impacts identified.
Step 5. Explain which alternative was selected and why it was selected
Step 6. Describe how the strategic action has been changed to eliminate or reduce any significant environmental effects shown on the checklist/matrix
Step 7. Explain who participated in the SEA and how:
- other authorities/departments