A list of key references (those that you may want to purchase) is presented in this section as well as supporting references that contain useful and informative background materials.
Dalal-Clayton, B. and B. Sadler (2005) Strategic Environmental Assessment: A Sourcebook and Reference Guide to International Experience. Earthscan, London. ISBN 1 84407 179 0.
Environmental Impact Assessment Review (various issues), www.environmental-center.com/magazine/elsevier/eiar.
Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal (various issues), www.ingentaconnect.com/content/beech/iapa.
Gibson, R., S. Hassan, S. Holtz, J. Tansey and G. Whitelaw (2005) Sustainability Assessment: Criteria and Processes, Earthscan, London. ISBN 1 84407 051 4.
Marsden, S. and S. Dovers, eds. (2002) Strategic Environmental Assessment in Australasia, The Federation Press, Annandale, New South Wales. ISBN 1 86287 433 6.
PartidÃ¡rio, M and R Clark, editors (2000) Perspectives on Strategic Environmental Assessment. Lewis. ISBN 1 56670 360 3.
Schmidt, M., E. Joao and E. Albrecht (2005) Implementing Strategic Environmental Assessment, Springer, Berlin, ISBN 3 540 20562 4.
Therivel, R. (2004) Strategic Environmental Assessment in Action, Eartscan, London, ISBN 1 84407 042 5.
Wood, C. et al. (2005) Strategic Environmental Assessment and Land Use Planning: An International Evaluation, Earthscan, Londo. ISBN 1 84407 109 X.
Lots of other references
Alshuwaikhat, H.M. (2005) Strategic environmental assessmetn can help solve environmental impact assessment failures in developing countries, Environmental Impact Assessment Review 25, pp. 307-317.
Arnstein, S. (1969) "A ladder of citizen participation in the USA", Journal of American Institute of Planners Vol. 35, pp. 216-224.
Audit Commission (2000) Listen Up! Effective Community Consultation, London.
Australian Government (2004) Securing Australia's Energy Future, www.dpmc.gov.au/publications/energy_future/docs/energy.pdf.
Bass, R. (1998) Evaluating Environmental Justice under the National Environmental Policy Act, Environmental Impact Assessment Review
Bass, R., and Herson, A. (2000) SEA of Water Management Plans and Program: Lessons from California. In Partidario, M. and Clark, R. (eds) Perspectives on Strategic Environmental Assessment. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton. 215-229.
Bracknell Forest Borough Council (2005) Sustainability Appraisal (incorporating a Strategic Environmental Assessment) Revised Scoping Report, Bracknell, UK.
Breheny, M.J. (1998) Do the Experts know Best? Environment and Planning B.
Brooke, C. (2000) Strategic EA and water resource planning in Europe. In Partidario, M. and Clark, R. (eds) Perspectives on Strategic Environmental Assessment. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
Brown, A.L. (2000) SEA experience in development assistance using the Environmental Overview, in Partidario and Clark, eds., Perspectives on Strategic Environmental Assessment, Lewis Publishers, Boco Raton.
Brown, A.L. (1997) The Environmental Overview in development project formulation. Impact Assessment 15(1), 73-88.
Brown, L. (1997) "The environmental overview in development assistance", Impact Assessment 15(1), pp. 73-88.
Brown, A.L. (1998) The Environmental Overview as a realistic approach to Strategic Environmental Assessment in developing countries. In Porter, A. and Fittipaldi, J (eds) Environmental Methods Review: Retooling Impact Assessment for the New Century. Army Environmental Policy Institute and International Association for Impact Assessment: Fargo. 127-134.
Brown, A.L. and Hill, R.C. (1995) "Decision-scoping: making environmental assessment learn how the design process works", Project Appraisal 10 (4), pp. 223-232.
Brown, A.L. and R. Therivel (1999) "Principles to guide the development of strategic environmental assessment methodology", Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 18(3), pp. 183-189.
Bryson, J.M. and W.D. Roering (1987) Applying private-sector strategic planning in the public sector, Journal of the Armerican Planning Association, Winter, pp. 9-22.
CAG Consultants (1999) How well does environmental planning reflect peoples' values and contribute to sustainable development?, Background paper for the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, London.
CAG Consultants (2000) Integrating policies in development plans, phase 1, report to Countryside Agency, Cheltenham.
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (1998) Cumulative Impacts Assessment Practitioners Guide, CEAA, www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/013/0001/0004/index_e.htm.
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (1999) Operational Policy Statement: Addressing Cumulative Environmental Impacts under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/013/0002/cea-ops_e.htm.
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (2003) The 1999 Cabinet Directive on the Environmental Assessment of Policy, Plan and Program Proposals, www.ceaa.gc.ca/0011/0002/dir_e.htm.
Cardiff City Council (2006) Parks and Green Spaces Strategy: SEA Draft Scoping Report, Cardiff.
Chaker, A., K. El-Fadl, L. Chamas and B. Hatjian (2006) A review of strategic environmental assessment in 12 selected countries, Environmental Impact Assessment Review 26(1), pp. 15-56.
Clark , R. (2000) Making EIA count in Decision-Making. In Partidario, M. and Clark, R. (eds) Perspectives on Strategic Environmental Assessment. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
Collingwood Environment Planning et al. (2005) Dos and don'ts guide to generating and developing alternatives, www.levett-therivel.co.uk under 'strategic environmental assessment'.
Commission of the European Communities (1992) Directive 92/43/EEC on Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora, Brussels.
Commission of the European Communities (2001) Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment, Brussels.
Cooper, L. and W. Sheate (2004) Integrating cumulative effects assessment into UK strategic planning: implications of the European Union SEA Directive, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 22(1), pp. 5-16.
Council for the Protection of Rural England and Countryside Commission (1995) Tranquil Areas, CPRE, London.
Countryside Commission, English Nature, English Heritage, Environment Agency (2001) Quality of Life Capital, http://www.qualityoflifecapital.org.uk.
Court, J.D., C.J. Wright and A.C. Guthrie (1994) Assessment of Cumulative Impacts and Strategic Assessment in Environmental Impact Assessment, Commonwealth Environment Protection Agency, Barton, Australia.
CSIR (1996) Strategic Environmental Assessment: A Primer, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Cuff, J. and G. Ruddy (1994) "SEA- evaluating the policies EIA cannot reach", Town and Country Planning 63(2), pp. 45-47.
Curran, J.M., Wood, C., and Hilton, M. (1998) Environmental appraisal of UK development plans: current practice and future directions. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 25(3), 411-433.
Dalal-Clayton, B. and B. Sadler (1998) The Application of strategic environmental assessment in developing countries, International Institute for Environment and Development, Environmental Planning Issues No. 18, IIED, 3 Endsleigh St., London WC1H 0DD, email@example.com.
deBoer, J.J. and B. Sadler (1996) Strategic Environmental Assessment: Environmental Assessment of Policies: Briefing papers on experiences in selected countries, Report No. 54, Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, The Hague, The Netherlands.
Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) (1999) Good Practice Guide on Sustainability Appraisal of Regional Planning Guidance, London.
Devuyst, D., van Wijngaarden, T. and Hens, L. (2000) Implementation of SEA in Flanders: attitudes of key stakeholders and a user-friendly methodology. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 20, 65-83.
DHV Environment and Infrastructure BV (1994) Existing Strategic Environmental Assessment Methodology, for European Commission DGXI, Brussels.
Dusik, J. and B. Sadler (2004) Reforming strategic environmental assessment systems: Lessons from Central and Eastern Europe, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 22(2), pp. 89-97.
Elling, B. (1997) "Strategic environmental assessment of national policies: the Danish experience of a full concept assessment", Project Appraisal 12(3), pp. 161-172.
Elling, B. and J. Nielsen (1996) Environmental Assessment of Bills, Phase 1, Centre for Environmental Assessment, Roskilde University Centre, Roskilde.
Emmelin, L. (1998) Strategic Environmental Assessment for Tourism, ETOUR, Ostersund, Sweden.
Environment Agency (2005) Humber Estuary Flood Defence Strategy Development Study: SEA Environmental Report, Leeds.
European Commission DG XI (Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection) (1994) Strategic Environmental Assessment: Existing Methodology. ISBN 92 828 3569 X
European Commission DG XI (1995) Strategic Environmental Assessment: Legislation and Procedures in the Community. ISBN 92 828 3891 X
European Commission (1997a) Proposal for a Council Directive on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment. COM(96)511 final. ISBN 92 78 13254 3.
European Commission (1999) Amended proposal for a Council Directive on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment. COM(99)73 final. ISSN 0254 1475.
Fischer, T. (2002) Strategic Environmental Assessment in Transport and Land Use Planning, Eartscan, London.
European Commission (2003) Implementation of Directive 2001/42 on the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment, Brussels.
Fookes, T. and B. Schijf (1998) "Reflections on EIA within the New Zealand Resource Management Act", EIA for the 21st Century, Conference proceedings, Adelaide, Australia.
Gauthier, M., L. Simard and J.-P. Waaub (2000) Participation du public a l'evaluation environnementale strategique, Les cahiers de recherche de l'Institut des sciences de le'environnement, No. 2, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Montreal.
Glasson, J., R. Therivel and A. Chadwick (2005) Introduction to environmental impact assessment, 3rd edition, Routledge, London.
Goodland, R. and R. Tillman (1996) "Strategic Environmental Assessment: Strengthening the EA Process", in Environmental Assessment (EA) in Africa, proceedings from the Durban (South Africa) workshop, 25 June, World Bank, Washington DC.
Ham, C and Hill, M. (1984) The Policy Process in the Modern Capitalist State. Harvester Wheatsheaf, New York.
Harvey, N. (1992) South Australia's Coastal Marina Strategy: planning success or recession victim? Australian Planner, 30(1), 4-7.
Harvey, N. and P. Swift (1990) Coastal marinas in South Australia: environmental issues and strategic planning. Australian Geographer 21(2), pp. 141-151.
Heather-Clark, S. and P. Lochner (1998) Strategic environmental assessment in South Africa, presentation at IAIA conference, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Healey, P., A. Khakee, A. Motte and B. Needham, eds. (1997) Making strategic spatial plans: Innovation in Europe, UCL Press, London.
Hedo, D., and Bina, O. (1999) Strategic Environmental Assessment of Hydrological and Irrigation Plans in Catilla Y Leon, Spain. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 19, 259-273.
Hilden, M. E. Furman and M. Kaljonen (2004) Views on planning and expectations of SEA: The case of transport planning, Environmental Impact Assessment Review 24, pp. 519-536.
Hilding-Rydevik, T. and A.H. Theodorsdottir (2004) Planning for Sustainable Development - The practice and potential of environmental assessment, proceedings from the 5th Nordic Environmental Assessment Conference, Reykjavik.
Hogwood, B.W. and L.A. Dunn (1984) Policy analysis for the real world, Oxford University Press, London.
Hong Kong Highways Department (2002) Shenzhen Western Corridor - Investment and Planning, EIA Report, Hong Kong.
Hyder Consultants (1999) Study on the Assessment of Indirect and Cumulative Ipacts as well as Impact Interactions, Report for European Commission DG XI Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection, Brussels.
Jansson, A. (1999) Transport SEA: A Nordic Perspective, presented at the OECD/ECMT conference on SEA of transport, Warsaw, 14-15 October.
Jay, S. and M. Ross (2005) the place of strategic environmental assessment in the privatised electricity industry, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 23(1), pp. 315-324.
Joao, E. (2002) "How scale affects environmental imnpact assessment", Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 22(4), pp. 287-306..
Kjorven, O. and H. Lindhjem (2002) Strategic Environmental Assessment in World Bank Operations, Strategy Series No. 4, ECON Centre for Economic Analysis, Oslo.
Kleinschmidt, V and D Wagner, editors (1998) Strategic Environmental Assessment in Europe (Fourth European Workshop on Environmental Impact Assessment). Kluwer, London.
KÃ¸rnÃ¸v, L. (1997) "Strategic environmental assessment: Sustainability and democratisation", European Environment 7(1), pp. 1-6.
Land Use Consultants (1994) National Forest Environmental Statement, Report to the National Forest Office, London.
Lasswell, H.D. (1956) The decision process: seven categories of functional analysis, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland.
Lee, N. (2006) Bridging the gap between theory and practice in integrated assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, pp. 57-78.
Lee, N. and J. Hughes (1995) Strategic environmental assessment: Legislation and procedures in the Community, EIA Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester.
Lee, N., R. Colley, J. Bonde and J. Simpson (1999) Reviewing the Quality of Environmental Statements and Environmental Appraisals, Occasional Paper 66, EIA Centre, Department of Planning and Landscape, University of Manchester, Manchester.
Levett, R. (1997) "Indicators for a Civilised City", contribution to ERIC seminar, London, 7 October.
Levett-Therivel (2006) Recommended SEA reports, www.levett-therivel.co.uk, under 'strategic environmental assessment'.
Levett-Therivel and EDAW (2005) Sustainability appraisal (integrating strategic environmental assessment) of the Yorkshire and Humber draft RSS, report to the Yorkshire and Humber Assembly, Wakefield.
Linacre, N.A. et al. (2006) Strategic environmental assessment for genetically modified organisms, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 24(1), pp. 35-33.
Lowi, T.J. (1972) Four systems of policy politics and choice, Public Administration Review Vo. 32, pp. 298-310.
Luan, S. (1998) "Integrating EIA into the Policy Process: The case study of application of the SEA to the automobile industry policy in China", presentation at IAIA conference, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Lucas, K. and R. Simpson (2000) Transport and accessibility: The perspectives of disadvantaged communities, research paper for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Transport Studies Unit, University of Westminster.
Marsden, S. (1998) Importance of context in measuring effectiveness of strategic environmental assessment. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 16(4), 255-266.
Mens en Ruimte (1997), Case Studies on Strategic Environmental Assessment, for European Commission DGXI, Brussels.
Ministry of Environment and Energy (1995) Strategic environmental assessment of bills and other government proposals: Examples and experience, Spatial Planning Department, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Morrison-Saunders, A. and J. Arts (2004) Assessing Impact: Handbook of EIA and SEA Follow-Up, Eartscan, London.
Nadal, A. (2000) The environmental and social impacts of economic liberalization on corn production in Mexico, commissioned by Oxfam GB and WWF International, Gland, Switzerland.
Office of the Auditor General of Canada (2004) Report of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development to the House of Commons: Chapter 4 Assessing the Environmental Impact of Policies, Plans and Programs, Ottawa, www.oag-bvg.gc.ca.
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2005) A Practical Guide to the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive, London.
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2005a) Sustainability assessment of Regional Spatial Strategies and Local Development Documents, London.
Oxford City Council (2006) West End Area Action Plan Sustainability Appraisal, Oxford.
Padgett, S. (1990) Policy Style and Issue Environment: The Electricity Supply Sector in West Germany. Journal of Public Policy, 10(2), 165-193.
Parsons, W. (1995) Public policy: An introduction to the theory and practice of policy analysis, Edward Elgar, Aldershot.
Partidario, M (1992) An Environmental Assessment and Review (EAR) Procedure: a contribution to comprehensive land-use planning, PhD dissertation, University of Aberdeen.
Partidario, M. (1996) "Strategic environmental assessment: Key issues emerging from recent practice", Environmental Impact Assessment Review 16, pp. 31-55.
Partidario, M. (2000) "Elements of an SEA framework: improving the added-value of SEA", Environmental Impact Assessment Review 20(6), pp. 647-663.
Piper, J. (2001) Cumulative Effects Assessment in the UK: Progress and Potential, PhD thesis, Oxford Brookes University.
Pope, J., D. Annandale and. A. Morrison-Saunders (2004) Conceptualising sustainability assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment Revew 24, pp. 595-616
Rakos, C., R. Bass and R. Therivel (1997) Strategic environmental assessment for Austria, Institute for Technology Assessment, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna.
Rodriguez-Bachiller, A. (1995) Geographical Information Systems, App. D in Morris, P. and R. Therivel, eds., Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment, UCL Press, London, pp. 320-324.
Rossouw, N., M. Audouin, P. Lochner, S. Heather-Clark and K. Wiseman (2000) "Development of strategic environmental assessment in South Africa", Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 18(3), pp. 217-223.
Sadler, B. (1996) Environmental Assessment in a Changing World: Evaluating Practice to Improve Performance, International Study of the Effectiveness of Environmental Assessment, Ottawa.
Sadler, B. (2005) Strategic Environmental Assessment at the Policy Level: Recent Progress, Current Status and Future Prospects, Ministry of the Environment, Czech Republic, Praha.
Sadler, B. and R. Verheem (1996) Strategic Environmental Assessment: Status, Challenges and Future Directions, Report no. 53, Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, The Hague, The Netherlands.
Schramm, W.E. (2000) Evaluating trade agreements for environmental impacts: a review and analysis. In Partidario, M. and Clark, R. (eds) Perspectives on Strategic Environmental Assessment. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
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Smith, S. and W. Sheate (2001) "Sustainability appraisals of Regional Planning Guidance and Regional Economic Strategies: An Assessment", Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 44(5), pp. 735-755.
Smith, S. and W. Sheate (2001a) "Sustainability appraisal of English regional plans: incorporating the requirements of the EU strategic environmental assessment directive", Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 19(4), pp. 263-276.
South African Ministry of Water Affairs and Forestry (1997) Sustainable Forest Development in Africa, Pretoria.
South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (1996) Strategic Environmental Assessment Report: Neiafu Mater Plan Vava'u Kingdom of Tonga, Apia, Western Samoa, ISBN 982-04-0157-7.
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Stirling, A. (1999) "The appraisal of sustainability: Some problems and possible responses", Local Environment 4(2), pp. 111-135.
Tau Group et al. (2002) ANSEA - New concepts in strategic environmental assessment, www.taugroup.com/ansea.
Tewdyr-Jones, M. & H. Thomas (1998) Collaborative Action in Local Plan-Making: Planners' Perceptions of Planning through Debate, Environment and Planning B.
ThÃ©rivel, R and others (1992) Strategic Environmental Assessment. Earthscan. ISBN 1 85383 147 6.
Therivel, R. (1998) Strategic Environmental Assessment of Development Plans in Great Britain. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 18(1), 39-57.
Therivel, R. and L. Brown (1999) "Methods of Strategic Environmental Assessment" in Petts, J. (ed), Handbook of Environmental Impact Assessment, Vol. 1, pp. 441-164.
Therivel, R. and P. Minas (2002) "Ensuring effective sustainability appraisal", Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 29(2), pp. 81-
Therivel, R. and M.R. Partidario, eds. (1996) The Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment, Earthscan, London. ISBN 1 85383 373 8.
Therivel, R. and M. Partidario (2000) "The future of SEA", Chapter 19 in M. Partidario and R. Clark, eds., Perspectives on strategic environmental assessment, Lewis, Boca Raton.
Therivel, R. and W. Ross (2006?) "Cumulative effects assessment: Does scale matter?", Environmental Impact Assessment Review.
Therivel, R. and F. Walsh (2006) The strategic environmental assessment directive in the UK: 1 year onwards, Environmental Impact Assessment Review 26, pp. 663-675.
Tonk, J.A.M.N. and R.A.A. Verheem (1998) "Integrating the environment in strategic deicsion making - one concept, multiple forms", presented at IAIA Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Tzilivakis, J., Broom, C., Lewis, K.A., Tucker, P., Drummond, C., and Cook, R. (1999) A strategic environmental assessment method for agricultural policy in the UK. Land Use Policy, 16, 223-234.
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) (1992) Application of Environmental Impact Assessment Principles to Policies, Plans and Programmes. Geneva: UNECE Environmental Series No.5.
UNECE (2006) Guidance on implementing the SEA Protocol (http://www.unece.org/env/eia/sea_manual/links.html).
UNEP (2002) Environmental Impact Assessment Training Resource Manual, 2nd edition, www.unep.ch/etu/publications/EIAMan-2edition_toc.htm.
US Council on Environmental Quality (1997) Considering cumulative impacts under the NEPA, http://ceq.eh.doe.gov/neap/nepanet.htm.
van Straaten, D. (1996) "Methodological considerations to strategic environmental assessment", Chapter 8 in NATO/CCMS, Methodology, focalization, evaluation and scope of environmental assesment: Fourth report: Strategic environmental assessment: Theory versus practice, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium.
Verheem, R. (1996) SEA of the Dutch Ten-Year Programme on Waste Management, Ch. 7 of Therivel and Partidario, eds., The Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment, Earthscan, London.
Verheem, R. and J. Tonk (2000) "Strategic environmental assesment: one concept, multiple forms", Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 18(3), pp. 177-182.
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Walsh, F. (2005) Strategic Environmental Assessment: One year on from the implementation of the Directive, MSc dissertation, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford.
Wilcox, D. (1994) The guide to effective participation, prepared for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, London.
Wiseman, K. (2000) Environmental assessment and planning in South Africa: the SEA connection. In Partidario, M. and Clark, R. (eds) Perspectives on Strategic Environmental Assessment. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton.
Wood, C. and M. Djeddour (1992) Strategic Environmental Assessment: EA of policies, plans and programmes, Impact Assessment Bulletin 10(1), pp. 3-22.
World Bank (2005) Integrating Environmental Considerations in Policy Formulation: Lessons from Policy-Based SEA Experience, Report No. 32783, Washington DC.
World Commission on Environment and Development (1987) Our Common Future. (The "Brundtland Report"). Oxford University Press.
World Wide Fund for Nature and Fundacion Futuro Latinamericano (2000) The International Experts' Meeting on Sustainability Assessment of Trade Liberalisation, Quito, Ecuador, 6-8 March 2000: Full Meeting Report, WWF International, Gland, Switzerland.
World Wide Fund for Nature-UK and Local Government Management Board (1999) Sustainability training pack for local authority officers, Godalming.
WWF International (2001) Preliminary assessment of the environmental & social effects of liberalisation in tourism services, Gland, Switzerland.